The solar eclipse of August 21, 1914, seen from 66 degrees north, in the town of Sandnessjøen, in Northern Norway. Solar eclipses are always cool, and this is especially interesting to me because the center of this eclipse, the point at which the Moon most completely obscured the Sun, passed over my hometown one hundred years ago. The German scientist Adolf Miethe took a huge risk traveling to Norway to build an observatorium specifically for this astronomical event. If the day had been overcast, all would have been for nought.
Many astronomers were interested in observing this event, but the outbreak of war prevented many of them. Luckily for Miethe and his team, he got to observe the event even as his country went to war. Three of his fellow expedition members had to return back home for military duty.
Miethe is an interesting character, having co-invented both an early photographic flash and a process of color photography.
Observations of solar eclipses later helped confirm Einstein’s theory of relativity, as one of his predictions, the existence of gravitational lensing, could be seen.
The locals, however, were reportedly unimpressed by the eclipse, having expected it to be darker. Oh, well.